The Main Types of Chicken Production Systems
Kienyenji chicken farming is a business like any other. It requires planning, implementation and supervision to provide successive profits. There are three kinds of management practices you can adopt without investing a lot of money. Here they are:
Traditional free range System
This is the most conventional method of raising Kienyenji chickens. The birds are set free to wander in a fenced area. The traditional free is suitable when raising fewer birds, 1 to 10, for meat and eggs. Furthermore, this sort of kienyenji chicken management system is practiced mainly in rural areas where indigenous birds are common. It’s easy to run this system; the labour is minimal. Also, indigenous birds do not have to be vaccinated, and they can scratch the ground to find something to eat. Their mortality rate is extremely high though, and their growth rate and productivity are low.
Improved Semi-free Range System
Like the free range system, the improved semi-free range system is designed for small scale farmers. Hence, you can raise five to fifty birds using using this system. As this method is improved, those who use it can produce enough meat and eggs for home consumption and income generation. The best type of birds to rear via this technique are indigenous and KARI Improved Kienyenji Chicken.
The birds require a slightly high level of attention than the free range birds. They have to be vaccinated against dangerous diseases like NCD and fowl pox. As a result, this management system protects chickens from diseases and this keeps their mortality rate moderate. As KARI improved chickens eat a lot, you will have to buy supplementary commercial feeds. They will scavenge and still not get full.
So you will have to get them more food to eat to grow quickly and normally. Their housing and run can be constructed with locally available materials. However, you have to build a suitable chicken structure. When it comes to productivity levels, birds living in a semi-free range system do better than their free range system’s counterparts. They can provide fifty to one hundred and fifty eggs per year. Finally, it is relatively easier to sell your birds now that KARI Improved Kienyenji Chicken is fully recognized in Kenya.
Small Scale Confined System
This management system does not suit indigenous birds at all. It is only suitable for Improved and kuloiler kienyenji farming. This seems like the best technique for raising numerous birds— over one hundred. It is a labor-intensive method, as the chickens are housed in a small, restricted space. Various vaccinations must be administered to lower the mortality rate of the birds. As well, you have to buy commercial feeds time and again. For this reason, the small scale confined system requires a big initial investment than the other two systems. As this method is purely for commercial benefits, the farmer must look for a lucrative market before the chickens mature. If well fed, vaccinated and housed, these chickens can lay 250 to 300 eggs per year. Finally, their broods’ growth rate is high.
So far you know the three main kinds of kienyenji chicken management systems. It is now upon you to determine what’s best for your needs. If you have a question, feel free to ask us.